• If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • You already know Dokkio is an AI-powered assistant to organize & manage your digital files & messages. Very soon, Dokkio will support Outlook as well as One Drive. Check it out today!


Travis Rodery- Response 14

Page history last edited by Jared 12 years, 5 months ago

Feedback: travis.mp3


Rhetorically Descriptive Reverse Outline

1st Paragraph:

 Says what the topic of the paper is and

Does who argues with it and when the argument came about

Research shows that the rule is legitimate and who issues it and how they issued it.

2nd Paragraph

Says the difference between BESR bats and BBCOR bats.

Does state the scientific bats and how they really differ and affect the play of baseball

Research shows the different scientific evaluation and math formulas to measure ball exit speed.

3rd Paragraph

Says the main goal of what the new bats are for safety reasons.

Does show examples of why safety is the main reason and who it affects.

Research allows me to tell the stories of injuries that have happened in sports

4th Paragraph

Says that the power numbers are and will go down.

Does show that the best players will easily standout and numbers will not lie.

Research gives us past stats and quotes of players who used old and new bats.

5th Paragraph

Says what baseball at its finest is and how it came about

Does show examples of what makes baseball pure.

Research gives us different play of styles used through the decades.

6th Paragraph

Says the main topic of each paragraph

Does end with a clincher sentence to sum up the paper well

Research is done to make the argument go farther



1. Yes, there is clear exigence and it is easy to tell why this is important to the author.

2. I can see the criteria from your proposal although that may be a little hard to elaborate on, possibly could reword to make a stronger thesis to give your paper more structure.

3.Yes, proper research is done in these paragraphs to make the argument more concrete.

4. Yes I believe this is a well structured strong argument.

5. Traditional wooden bats are a part big part of baseball and America's passtime.

6. Possibly revise thesis to map out your body paragraphs as they are, this is a well structured argument in my eyes, maybe just read it out loud and make sure everything is fluent.


-Dillon Fitzgerald



We care about the topic of BBCOR bats because baseball is America’s past time and when something gets changed, people start to judge the changes.  I am evaluating the issue of new BBCOR bats issued by the NCAA, which are replacing the old powerful BESR bats.  Many people loved the old bats, including myself, giving batters more "pop" and able to hit better (as we thought).  The topic is closely related to me, seeing that I am a baseball player, it makes it easier for me to understand what I am writing about more than other people on movies and such.  My thesis is three mains purposes of why the new bats are suitable for play and research helps dissect them.  My paper may shock other college players, because everyone else likes the new bat, but they don’t fully understand the reason why the new bats are better.  Only time will tell if the rule changes were a good choice.




Travis Rodery

November 17th, 2011

Intro to College Writing


Rough Draft Project 4

That ball hit high, deep, way back, it’s going, going, and caught at the warning track by the outfielder. The hitter must have thought he got all of that one Joe; it must be those new bats they have to use now. This has been the main topic and focus in college baseball within the last year. The NCAA Baseball Research Panel has studied all the ins and outs of the equipment used by the athletes in the NCAA such as bats and balls since 1999. It has been teamed up with the NCAA Baseball Rules Committee to investigate trends in the game and suggest changes when needed. The Panel found the previous standard of the Bat Exit Speed Ratio (BESR) was ineffective in measuring the true performance of the bat. With the increasing offensive production through the years, the Committee sought to find a more accurate prediction of the speed with which the ball will leave the bat, and use non-wood bats that performed more closely to that of a wood bat (Farnum). The “new” bat, BBCOR, has taken America’s past time and flipped it upside side down. Even though many people disagree with this new bat and rules, I agree with the NCAA about the new rules. BBCOR bats are suitable for both college and high school baseball because they make the best players stand out, it makes the game much safer, and it makes baseball return to its finest.


What in the world is a BBCOR bat and why did they make it? Effective since Jan. 1, 2011, bats used in NCAA competition will have a different standard, making metal bats behave more like wooden ones. BBCOR stands for “Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution” and it focuses on how much of a trampoline effect the barrel of a bat has on a ball. When a ball hits an aluminum bat, the barrel compresses a small amount, causing the ball to “bounce” back quickly. This is known as the trampoline effect. In order to reduce the significance of the trampoline effect, NCAA regulations prohibit a bat from having a BBCOR coefficient higher than 0.500, which is about the same as a wooden bat. This new measure, which will significantly limit bat power, is intended to reduce injury. The new Batted-Ball Coefficient of Restitution measures the bat power differently than the former beloved Ball Exit Speed Ration (BESR) method. Instead of measuring the ball after it is batted, which the old BESR method measured, the new BBCOR math formula measures the “bounciness” or “pop” of the bat. Bat manufacturers will have to; in effect “deaden” the trampoline bounce that pitched balls experience when a batter makes contact. Basically, aluminum bats will theoretically be the same as wooden bats (Wolff). They’re the next wave in the aluminum bat battle. Starting in January, 2011, any and all aluminum baseballs that are used in NCAA baseball will have to carry a seal of BBCOR approval. Then, starting in 2012, all HS baseball bats will follow in the same way; that is, they will all need at BBCOR stamp on each bat. Many people who are opposed to the new bat often say that the bat was just a .A simple way to think of BBCOR is to jump up and down on a hard floor. It takes a lot of energy in your legs to get off the ground. The floor doesn't help at all. Contrast that feeling by jumping on a trampoline. Even with very little energy from your body, you will still get a bounce because that energy isn't being absorbed by the trampoline. Instead, the trampoline is flexing with the impact and then "bouncing" back to its original shape, thus launching you higher into the air.


“The NCAA did not mandate the new bats to reduce power…this was done for safety reasons…It wasn’t going to be long before someone was seriously hurt or maybe worse”. Shawn Davis, the Assistant Director at the University of Missouri Athletic Media Relations, tells the public why the NCAA has switched its rules in the last two years. Like every sport, baseball has its fair share of injuries that occur. Injuries like muscle pulls and tears are common among many pitchers. These types of injuries can be prevented very simply. The solution is being flexible and fit is key for back and shoulder injuries, sprains and breaks. All it takes is a warm-up before a game, plus five minutes of stretches, to keep muscles and joints limber, supple, and resilient. When it comes to injuries like broken bones and concussions, the prevention is not as easy. The pitcher cannot control all of his pitches and an infielder cannot tell if a bad hop is going to happen on a ground ball. A hitter cannot control where he exactly hits, and sometimes the ball will hit the pitcher. For example, with the old BESR bats, a California high school pitcher, Gunnar Sandberg, is recovering from a traumatic brain injury suffered on March 11, 2010 after he was hit in the head with a line drive. Sandberg was pitching in a scrimmage when he was hit by a line drive just above his right ear. Doctors said if it was hit in a different spot nearby, it would of killed him. Teenagers with the old bats were hurting players, imagine the damage that top notch college athletes could have done, pretty scary. With the new BBCOR bats, the ball will not come off the bat as fast and do as much damage to the pitcher’s body. “It’s pretty close to swinging with wood,” Harvard coach Joe Walsh said. “They’ve taken the thump out of the aluminum, and I think that you’re just not going to see the home-run ball in college baseball that you’ve seen in the past.” Taking the “thump” out of metal bats is exactly what the NCAA is trying to do, hoping that the new bats will increase player safety, specifically for pitchers. With the old bats, balls would come flying at pitchers at an average speed of 93 MPH; sometimes reaching up past 100 mph. Pitchers would have little to no time to react to the high-paced balls careening toward them, creating highly dangerous situations. The new bats reduce the exit speed of the ball off of the barrel, giving pitchers and other athletes on the diamond more time to move to protect them.


Though the main goal of the new regulations is to reduce injury, the more noticeable effect will be a sharp decline in power numbers throughout the NCAA this season. Keeping a low BBCOR coefficient means a change in the composition of aluminum bats and, more significantly, a reduced “sweet spot” of the bat. From a player's viewpoint, the sweet spot is the place on the bat barrel where the contact between bat and ball results in the best hit. When you make contact on it, the ball leaves the bat with the greatest speed and the player's hands feel very little vibration from the impact. New bats will approximately have a three-inch sweet spot as opposed to the previous five inches. The smaller the sweet spot the harder it is to hit a ball solid and drive it a far distance. “I hit a home run in our first game that went pretty far over the fence, but I hit it about as well as you can hit it. You don’t get cheated with the new bats,” said former Wayne State great Paul Lamantia, who hit 13 home runs in 2010. Due to the bigger sweet spots, players could hit a ball off the end or the inner part of the bat and still get a solid hit, but not with the new ones.Batters will be forced to make more accurate contact with the ball in order to get the same results as they could have gotten with the old bats. The substantially smaller sweet spot and lower ball exit speed are also expected to lead to fewer hits, home runs, and scored runs. Players who will bat over .300 and have double digit home runs will not be average anymore, they will be the elite. These players will stand out because now the bat is not providing that extra power for the hitting. Training and a good swing will be the main focus and the only the best players have and do these things. While the newer, deader bats might make the game less exciting to watch for some, they should prove helpful to MLB scouts looking to really hone in on the true values of college sluggers. For years, there has been a concern that power in college won't translate into power in the Minor or Major Leagues because of the difference in bat behavior from metal to wood. Now, it seems the new BBCOR regulations will significantly reduce the performance gap between the two bat styles, making it easier to distinguish between a player with a pure stroke and one with a little fat-barreled luck. Wayne State outfielder Kyle Zimmerman stated “If you hit it off the end or handle, the bat doesn’t help you very much. The balls just don’t come off the bats at all. I think balls come off harder off a wood bat after playing in the summer.” Batters will need to refine their hitting skills in order to accommodate for the increased difficulty in making contact.


Baseball, a sport billed as America's "national pastime," has relatively recent origins. Over the past several centuries, the game has changed from a form that was hardly recognizable to that which can be seen in nearly every town of the United States. But once baseball was created, it caught on almost immediately. We often hear the line, that is baseball at its finest. But what exactly does that even mean. Baseball at its finest is teams doing the little things in order to win a game. There are many things to be done in order for a team to stay in a game and eventually win it. Lets dissect and break down what it means to play the game of baseball at its finest and why the new BBCOR bats will make it that way. The team with the least errors and mistakes is more likely to win more games. Staying concentrated and fielding a ground ball properly or catching it, add in a nice hard accurate throw and that makes one great play. The defense fielding the ball properly and not making errors, pitchers getting ground ball outs and not just strike outs, runners stealing and the batters getting them in with bunts and sacrifice flies. That is what baseball is all about, not going up to the plate and trying to do everything yourself and trying to hit a homerun. Playing small ball and everyone helping out to get runs is what baseball is all about. As we know, homeruns will not come as easy anymore, so say goodbye to high scoring games. “The intent has always been to balance offense and defense in all rules we have and to allow many different styles of play,” said Ty Halpin, NCAA liaison to the Baseball Rules Committee. Some teams will be forced to change their game plan to adapt to this decrease in offensive power. For example, instead of having a big-hitting mentality, teams may need to hit and run, bunt, or steal bases more often. Defensively, players will need to polish their fielding skills and be ready for more in-field hits as opposed to high fly balls.


BBCOR bats are not only suitable for college baseball, but and high school baseball as well. With the new technology in the bats, they make the best players stand out, it makes the game much safer, and it makes baseball return to its purest. New rules and bat changes in college baseball are changing the game as we know it. BBCOR bats are now being used over BESR bats and they are providing less power to the hitters. Fewer home runs are being hit and it’s causing only the best players to stand out. Injuries and safety are the main reasons why these changes needed to be implemented. Baseball has finally returned to its finest and teams are starting to adjust. Position players need to realize the bat does not make them good players; they do, so deal with the new bat and take a hack one time.

Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.